Friday, 21 November 2014

Hare Brained

I was reading in New Scientist today about Snowshoe Hares and how they are becoming increasingly out of step with the environment in which they live.

Snowshoe Hare (image by©)
Climate change is meaning that snow melts sooner and the hares white coats cease to be camouflage and become instead "target identification" for some predators.

So while the white stands the Hare in good stead in the snow time, by it being white during the early melt changes this attribute from a survival attribute to an early death attribute.

I thought it interesting that the researchers identified that the Hares seemed to not be aware of this coat coloring and did not alter their behavior in response to the changed environmental conditions.
Snowshoe hares appear to be oblivious to whether or not they are camouflaged. "They do not act in any way to reduce colour mismatch, or to reduce the negative consequences of mismatch," says Zimova. When mismatched with their environment, they don't hide more, flee more or hang out in areas that match their coat. In short, these hare-brained creatures don't seem very smart.

Interesting ... I immediately thought that applied to humans  as well. I don't think we are much smarter, in fact as we are aware of the issues we do not change, so we are dumber for it. For instance Urban Development goes on willy nilly , despite great evidence to demonstrate that what we are doing is neither the best nor good for us (even in the medium term) nor good for the environment.

This graph shows the general trends of population growth rates in Australia:


So its fairly clear that our population is increasing at a high rate, yet what is our response to this? Well so far it seems to be "clear more land, increase urban sprawl, and make things worse for every other living creature" (and perhaps even for ourselves).

Back in 2011 I wrote (over here) that the infrastructure supporting our lifestyle was under stress and that (for instance) the roads are unable to sustain our needs (let alone support growth, which in my view is actually the problem).

I happen to live in Southport and commute to a small town for work (the city of Logan). It is 51Km from my door to my work door, which isn't a long commute by modern standards but forces me up and down the highway every day.

The other day an event occurred which  is perhaps a bit more drastic than usual, but as anyone who travels that road knows was only a matter of time.

Yep, you read that right closed for 6 hours.

The population density of this region is not really high by European standards, yet (I would argue) that due to urban sprawl and geography there is really no alternative but to accept that this madness is the only alternative if we want to live in the way we do here.

With a population growth rate that's actually the highest in Australia ...

I don't see that the congestion is going to ease until the population growth does.

I live in an area of the world which was once a beautiful natural haven and has for the last 40 years been fast paced into becoming the most overcrowded and over developed part of Australia (well except for perhaps Sydney). This Google Maps screen shot shows the area, hard to find anywhere now that's natural which will support construction. Indeed the only areas as National Park are swamps, wetlands and tidal sand islands.

In fact not yet appearing on that map is a bunch of new clearing (the last patches of bush) in that bit of green up near Coomera. So more population to be going up and down that highway ... more congestion longer delays and an erosion of lifestyle. It doesn't look good for the environment either.  In fact since I put that graph together the data has emerged that the population here has gone to over 700,000. Which from less than 50,000 is a massive change. Of course water will be the next problem....

Who benefits from this? Its not the people who really have no choice but to live in this "pseudo-planned sprawl" and its sure not the ecology or the wildlife (which we seem to say we love so much). Is it just the greedy few? Or is it that as a society we are just stupid and greedy?

As I wrote back in 2008, its bye bye Koala and hello urban sprawl, roads and cars.
So you tell me ... are we much smarter than the hare?

Sunday, 9 November 2014

fudging figures (and fooling spec sheet gazers)

I know that people don't usually have a head for numbers, and specifications get bandied about with gay (numerically illiterate) abandon by both gear-heads and testers alike. The sad fact is that by fiddling the books, sales departments can pull the wool over the eyes of blind wangers who only read spec sheets (but don't understand them or look into the details). One that I happen to find amusing at the moment is the comparison of latest model digital cameras and the older versions. To explore this I'll discuss three cameras using the specs from DxO:

I happen to like DxO as a site for data, I've already discussed their P-Mpixel metric (and that I find it useful) but their technical camera data is very handy too, especially for seeing through the bullshit. Everyone on the interwebforums will tell you about how good the Olympus OM-D E-M5 is, and if you read the various kool-aide sites they would have you believe that the OM-D was the first proper SLR micro43 and somehow the best micro43 camera.

While it sure is a good camera the reality is that nothing much has really changed in terms of image quality since way back in July 2009 when Panasonic released the GH1 and set the bar. The problem for Panasonic is / was they made a camera which was really too good for the time, and perhaps (to quote a phrase) feeding truffles to the pigs. Who knows, perhaps they needed to (with APS-C religion being what it is). Just quickly, I've tossed the GX7 in here for good measure, I think its clear that what I say about the OM-D applies equally to it.

The first thing of importance when discussing the specs is that Panasonic actually delivered more on their ISO then they claimed. Quite stupid of them from a strategic marketing point of view, but they were facing an uphill battle at the time as people still didn't get the concept. Looking at the DxO ratings this is clear:

The actual measured ISO of the GH1 set to 100 is above the ISO100 level. Comparing this to the OM-D (which doesn't even have a 100ISO setting) we see that when the OM-D is set to 200 its measured ISO is actually about equal to the GH1 set to 100.

This difference in ratings vs measurements continues along the scale, with the measured ISO being better than the next stop up the scale of the OM-D. So much so that at ISO 400 the OM-D needs to be set to 1600 to be as sensitive to light at the sensor on the GH1. Indeed hovering over the GH1 point with the camera set to ISO400 gives a measured ISO = 591 while the OM-D needs to be set to 1600 to be closer to that (in fact its measured at 782 there which is about 1/3rd a stop more, but 800 is still under the GH1 at a measured 394)

Essentially this means you can get a higher shutter speed on the GH1 without going up an ISO step.

This of course has an effect on the specs for dynamic range and the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) which are dependent on ISO.

When you load the graph (sorry, you need to do that on the DxO link, my graph is just a screen shot) and hover the tooltip over the points you see that there are no equal settings, but the lines make the truth obvious. They are really tight : GH1 at a measured ISO of 137 = SNR of 36.8dB while the OMD @ 214 = 36.2dB

Its confusing that DxO put a 100ISO blob in this graph for the OM-D, but its significant that the lower axis is measured ISO not set ISO ... important. The interesting thing there is that the OM-D would appear to lead the GH1 but that seems to change further down the graph at around 200ISO and onwards.

So while the specs of the OM-D exceed the specs of the GH1, when you equalise back to what the setting actually means they are essentially on par.

The same goes for the the Dynamic Range

Where at the measured ISO point of somewhere around 1000 ISO the now elderly GH1 is performing better than the OM-D

Its certainly not the chalk and cheese that the bleating (you know, the sound sheep make is called bleating) one reads about how good the OM-D is and how much better all the new cameras are ...

As I discovered back in May when comparing my GH1 to my friends OM-D, there really isn't much in the whole upgrade to make it worth doing for me. While the out of camera JPG's from the OM-D seemd much better than the GH1

GH1 on the left OM-D on the right.

The OM-D image just leaps off the screen as being sharper and more contrasty.
However, the raw files processed up to appear almost identical (as indeed the specs would imply they should).

If you happen to like the OM-D physically to hold or (it seems more important now-a-days) how it looks and how it feels in your hand, then by all means the OM-D is a fine camera (I'm not degrading it). But if you just want a tool to do the job and cost benefit means anything to you then at under $200 on the second hand market, to me, the GH1 is still competitive and today represents bargain buying .